交易百科

优先股与普通股:有什么区别?

优先股与普通股:概述
优先股和普通股之间有许多区别。主要区别在于,优先股通常不会赋予股东投票权,而普通股通常会以每股拥有的一票表决权。许多投资者对普通股了解很多,而对优先品种却知之甚少。

两种类型的股票都代表公司的所有权,并且都是投资者可以用来从企业的未来成功中获利的工具。

重要要点
-优先股与普通股之间的主要区别在于,优先股不赋予股东投票权,而普通股却具有投票权。
-优先股股东优先于公司的收入,这意味着优先股股东在普通股股东之前获得股息。
-普通股股东在公司资产方面排在最后,这意味着他们将在债权人,债券持有人和优先股股东之后得到支付。

优先股
与普通股的主要区别在于优先股没有投票权。因此,当公司需要选举董事会或对任何形式的公司政策进行投票时,优先股股东对公司的未来没有发言权。实际上,优先股的功能类似于债券,因为有了优先股,通常会保证投资者获得固定的永久股息。该 股息收益率 优先股的派息计算为股息的美元金额除以股票价格。这通常是基于提供优先股之前的面值。通常以开始交易后当前市场价格的百分比计算。这与普通股不同,普通股具有由董事会宣布且从未保证的可变股息。实际上,许多公司根本不向普通股派发股息。与债券一样,优先股的面值也受利率影响。当利率上升时,优先股的价值下降,反之亦然。

但是,对于普通股,股票的价值由市场参与者的需求和供给来调节。

在清算中,优先股股东对公司的资产和收益有更大的要求。在公司的盈余时期,公司拥有多余现金并决定通过股息向投资者分配资金时,情况就是如此。这类股票的股利通常高于普通股的股利。优先股也比普通股具有优先权,因此,如果公司未支付股息,它必须先向优先股股东支付任何欠款,然后再支付普通股。

与普通股不同,优先股还具有可赎回性,赋予发行人在预定时间后从市场赎回股票的权利。购买优先股的投资者有真正的机会以赎回率赎回这些股票,赎回率比其购买价高出许多。优先股市场通常会预期回调,因此价格可能会相应上涨。


普通股
普通股代表公司的所有权股份以及大多数人投资的股票类型。人们谈论股票时,通常是指普通股。实际上,绝大多数股票都是以这种形式发行的。普通股代表对利润(股息)的要求并赋予表决权。投资者通常会以每股每股一票的价格选出监督管理层做出的主要决定的董事会成员。因此,与优先股股东相比,股东具有对公司政策和管理问题行使控制权的能力。

普通股的表现往往好于债券和优先股。这也是提供长期收益最大潜力的股票类型。如果一家公司表现良好,那么普通股的价值就会上升。但是请记住,如果公司经营不善,股票的价值也会下跌。

荷兰东印度公司于1602年发行了第一只普通股。
优先股可以转换为固定数量的普通股,但是普通股没有这种好处。

关于公司的股息,公司董事会将决定是否向普通股股东派发股息。如果公司错过了股息,普通股股东就会受到优先股股东的追捧,这意味着向后者支付优先股是公司的重中之重。在破产期间,对公司收入和收益的索赔是最重要的。普通股股东是公司资产的最后一笔。这意味着当公司必须清算并偿还所有债权人和债券持有人时,普通股要等到优先股股东支付后才能收到任何款项。

美捷财智是一家全球商业和金融新闻股票行情以及市场数据和分析探索交易方法的社交平台,提供证券交易数据、股票数据分析、市场行情分析、智能选股软件、量化交易以及区块链资讯等内容服务。

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Crond

[ Log time: 1618122667.2179 ] Tag: day, Last run time: 2021-04-11 08:08:04


Escape time: 0.26845788955688, 45 queries, PHP Memory usage: 9019.4375 KB, Server time: 2021-04-11 14:31:07